10 Oldest Religious Texts in The World

Though Sanskrit originated from Bharat India , it only has 15, Sanskrit communicators today, while over , people from rest of the world speak and communicate in Sanskrit to understand ancient Hindu texts. That is also one of the reasons, that americans and germans established several schools to learn Sanskrit to decipher the hidden treasures of Vedic wisdom. Sanskrit is ignored by India under the veil of shallow secularism which is ruining India to the core, degrading its moral and ethical values. The Sanskrit speaking Aryans subscribed to the idea of a spherical earth in an era when the Greeks believed in a flat one. The Indians of the fifth century A. Geography in Sanskrit is also called as Bho-gol. It literally means that earth is round. Ancient Hindus knew the truth as they were masters of Sanskrit and Vedic texts. For the period when the sun is in north it is visible for six months at the north pole and invisible at the south, and vice versa.

Hindu texts

Divali Diwali Festival of Lights. Hinduism is the world’s third most popular religion, with around million followers. The religion of Hinduism originated in Northern India, near the river Indus, about years ago and is the world’s oldest existing religion.

The major scriptures of Hinduism are the Vedas, the Upanishad, and the Medical texts dating back to the 1st and 2nd century AD describe in detail the.

The Vedas are a collection of religious texts that form the foundation of Hindu theology. The Hindu belief that the cosmos is eternal; was not created and will always exist, also applies to the Hindu view of the Vedas. The Vedas is integrated into the life of Hindus, though many Hindus have never read it. Vedic mantras are recited at Hindu prayers, religious functions and other auspicious occasions The various Indian religious sects differ in their ideas about the Vedas.

Hinduism places very little importance on criticism of other religions because Hindus believe that the path to God transcends all human thought.

Question Seven: Do Hindus have a Bible?

Jump to navigation. Krishna, whose birthday we celebrate with Janmashtami every year, is supposed to have been the mouthpiece of the messages in the Bhagavad Gita. The Gita is most popularly known as the “holy book of Hindus”, but did you know that there are actually several Gitas, out of which the Bhagavata Gita was taken up as the prime book encompassing the total message of Hinduism?

Hinduism has developed for over years through eight phases in history:. It needs to be noted that though this is the historical progression of Hinduism, there are many who believe Hinduism to be an ahistorical school of thought where all Hindu ideas are timeless. This divide in the beliefs often hinder studies on Hinduism and politicise the issue.

As for the name itself, ‘Hindu’ is a word first used by Persians, dating back to 2) The Vedas are one of Hinduism’s many primary religious texts.

Hinduism Schools Wikipedia Selection. Hinduism encompasses many religious beliefs, practices, and denominations. Most Hindus believe in a supreme cosmic spirit called Brahman that is worshipped in many forms, represented by individual deities such as Vishnu, Shiva and Shakti. Hinduism centers around a variety of practices that are meant to help one experience the divinity that is everywhere and realize the true nature of the Self.

Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world, with approximately 1 billion adherents figure , of whom about million live in India. Hinduism is considered to be the oldest living religion in the world. Unlike most other major religions, Hinduism has no single founder and is based on a number of religious texts developed over many centuries that contain spiritual insights and practical guidance for religious life.

Among such texts, the Vedas are the most ancient.


The Vedas are the primary texts of Hinduism. They also had a vast influence on Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. Traditionally the text of the Vedas was coeval with the universe. Scholars have determined that the Rig Veda, the oldest of the four Vedas, was composed about B. It is unknown when it was finally committed to writing, but this probably was at some point after B.

The Vedas are a large body of religious texts originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. The “circum-Vedic” texts, as well as the redaction of the Samhitas, date to c. – BCE. According to tradition, Vyasa is.

Shruti works are considered to have been heard and transmitted by earthly sages, as contrasted to Smriti , or that which is remembered by ordinary human beings. Though Shruti is considered to be the more authoritative , in practice the Smriti texts are more influential in modern Hinduism. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.

Read More on This Topic. Indian philosophy: Shruti and the nature of authority.

The Ancient Wisdom of the Vedas

Vedic literatures are most important sources of knowledge about Aryans and Vedic period. The literature had grown in the course of many centuries and was handed down from generation to generation by word of mouth which also called shruti. Compiled around BC 2. A collection of hymns 4.

“Many scholars have used archaeology to date the Vedas, and this does inventions, including, say, aviation, are contained in ancient texts.

No definite date can be ascribed to the composition of the Vedas, but the period of about — bce is acceptable to most scholars. The hymns formed a liturgical body that in part grew up around the soma ritual and sacrifice and were recited or chanted during rituals. They praised a wide pantheon of gods, some of whom personified natural and cosmic phenomena, such as fire Agni , the Sun Surya and Savitri , dawn Ushas, a goddess , storms the Rudras , and rain Indra , while others represented abstract qualities such as friendship Mitra , moral authority Varuna , kingship Indra , and speech Vach, a goddess.

Sacred formulas known as mantras were recited by the adhvaryu , the priest responsible for the sacrificial fire and for carrying out the ceremony. A few centuries later, perhaps about bce , the Brahmana s were composed as glosses on the Vedas, containing many myths and explanations of rituals. The whole of the literature seems to have been preserved orally although there may have been early manuscripts to assist memory.

To this day, several of these works, notably the three oldest Vedas, are recited with subtleties of intonation and rhythm that have been handed down orally from the early days of Vedic religion in India. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Her research and teaching interests revolve around two See Article History. Read More on This Topic.

Stances of Faiths on LGBTQ Issues: Hinduism

Dating to 6, BCE, the Vedas constitute the oldest scripture in the world. In Hindu belief, deities can take many forms, but all combine in the universal spirit of Brahman. Unlike Judaism, Christianity and Islam, which focus on the actions of a single lifetime, Hindu belief centers on a continuous process of birth and rebirth that ultimately releases the true self from the limitations of body and the ego — a freeing of the spirit called moksha.

That process includes a release from sensual experiences, including sexuality. Hindu sacred texts, however, do not distinguish between heterosexual and homosexual acts.

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Islam in vedas. The most significant being, that Upanishads do not need a personified god, while such a god could indeed be a very useful device. The concept of Hinduism being a single monolithic religion is recent, dating back only to the 19th century. Not only the Jewish and Christian scriptures but also the Hindu scriptures contain many prophecies about the Holy Prophet of Islam saw. The adoration of these deities is founded in the Vedas, according to the Texts relating to them: “Our deity is extolled in the Vedas, ” each system contains such a declaration.

Ved Prakash Upaddhayaya, Muhammad has been described in the Vedas and the Puranas in four different ways. Monier-Williams page 8 compares Angira-s and the Greek Aggelos, Aggaros, and cites the Vedic sources for the Rishi Angiras, author of Rig Vedic Hymns, and son of Brahma, who was sometimes mentioned as the father of Agni and Brihaspati or even humanity.

November 28, May 13, Mike Comparative Religion , Historicity of Gospels Buddhism , Chesterton , deism , evidence , Hinduism , Islam , Judaism , Qu’ran , Vedas Since Islam is predicated on law, variations in the interpretation of that law — along with geography and distinct legal schools — have all contributed to differences in the religion.

9 myths about Hinduism, debunked

Hindu scripture includes nearly every genre of literature, some hardly religious at all, and some incredibly irreligious, at least from a Christian perspective. Philosophical treatises, folk medicine, erotic poetry, and grammar tomes, as well as devotional hymns, liturgical manuals, and ethical instructions all find a niche in the immense and labyrinthine world of Hindu scripture. Most of the scripture was written by poets, priests, and philosophers, though some of the later traditional texts were composed by low-caste devotees.

The oldest text, the Rig Veda, dates back to c. In one sense, Veda refers only to the most ancient writings of the Indo-Aryan community. On the foundation of these four venerable collections rests the remainder of vedic literature.

The Hindu Vedas are the original scriptures of Hindu teachings, It is thought, though, that the earliest Vegas may date back to roughly

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The problem of using Astronomy in dating the Vedas, Ramayana, Mahabharata

By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and our Terms of Service. Hinduism Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for followers of the Hindu religion and those interested in learning more about Hinduism. It only takes a minute to sign up. Can somebody provide a list of Hindu Vedas, Purana, Up-Puranas, Upnishads, etc in a chronological manner and also provide their creation dates if they could be dated by any means?

I feel that listing them by their accurate creation dates i.

The Vedas are the foundational scriptures of the Hindus. The Veda is the source of The date of the Vedas has never been fixed. It can never be fixed. Vedas.

Introduction to Hinduism. Hinduism -II. The concept of God in Hinduism 1. Common Concept of God in Hinduism: Hinduism is commonly perceived as a polytheistic religion. Indeed, most Hindus would attest to this, by professing belief Hinduism – I Author: Dr. Zakir Naik. Introduction to Hinduism The most popular among the Aryan religions is Hinduism.

Hindu Scriptures, Vedas, Upanishads and Gita